List 14 - Phrasal Verbs

 
 
 
 

Phrasal Verb

Meaning

Example Sentence

dawn on

To begin to become known or obvious.

The truth finally dawned on him that she really meant what she said.

deal in

To trade in something.

My uncle’s business deals in genuine monkey skin.

deal with

To take action to solve a problem.

They seem unable to deal with the long-standing problem.

decide on

To make up one’s mind about something.

She can’t decide on the dress to wear for the occasion.

delight in

To get great pleasure out of something.

Jack delights in telling stories about his days in the prison.

depend on/upon

To need something in order to continue doing what one wants to do.

They know their future depends on their hard work, and not on their teachers.

die away

To become lesser until it disappears.

I could only sleep after the noise caused by thunderstorm died away.

die down

To subside.

The storm has died down and the sea become calmer.

die off

To decline in population.

A few plant species in the area were dying off when they started breeding goats. 

die out

To become extinct.

The old French custom of serving the vegetables separate from the meat has died out.

do away with

To get rid of. 

His wife wants him to do away with his vast collection of old magazines. 

To kill.

The gang threatened to do away with his entire family if he stood for the election.

do for

To provide for.

Employing a temporary worker will do for the time being.

do in

To tire out completely. 

Painting the house really did me in. 

To kill.

It is believed a hired killer did his boss in

do out

To clean or tidy out.

We need to do out the room before we can rent it out.

do out of

To cheat.

She was done out of $100 by a door-to-door salesman this morning.

do over

To do again or differently.

The report contains errors and the boss wants him to do it over.

do up

To make improvement through repairing or redecoration. 

He bought an old car and did it up. 

To do something to make oneself more attractive. 

She looks more beautiful when she did her hair up. 

To wrap something. 

He did the birthday present up in coloured shiny paper for her. 

To fasten.

Can you do up the zip at her back?

do with

To require something.

With this warm weather, I could do with a cold drink.

do without

To manage without something.

Our boat was adrift, and we had to do without solid food for two days. 

To prefer not to have something.

I wish she would keep quiet; I can do without all this grumbling.

draw away

To move further ahead.

After the third lap, the leading runner drew away from the pack.

draw in

To get involved.

The quarrel is between you two; don’t draw me in.

draw into

To involve someone.

Some of these kids get drawn into drug addiction by their peers.

draw off

To take off a small amount from a larger supply.

If you want some beer, you can draw off some from that barrel.

draw on

To make use of

Luckily, I have a savings to draw on to buy her a present.

draw out

To take money out of an account.

We don’t know why she drew out such a large amount of money from her account.

draw up

To draft a legal document. 

Thinking he’s going to die soon, he drew up a will. 

To come to a stop. 

The taxi drew up in front of me. 

To prepare a list.

The party drew up a list of candidates for the forthcoming election.

dream away

To pass time idly thinking of something.

At times, I couldn’t help but dreamed away the hours.

dream of

To pass time idly thinking of something.

He told me he had always dreamed of winning the first prize in the lottery.

dream on

To tell someone what they wish for is improbable or unrealistic.

When I asked if she’s going to help me with the cooking, she told me to dream on.

dream up

To invent mentally.

The professor dreamt up the possibility of building a new breed of robots that would think like him.

drive at

To really try to say something.

He didn’t say exactly what he meant, but we knew what he was driving at.

drive away

To behave in a way that forces people to stay away.

His bossiness has driven his relatives and friends away.

drive off

To leave in a car.

He was probably angry when without a word, he just got into his car and drove off.

drive out

To force someone or something to leave.

The new supermarket has driven out small retail shops from the area.

drive up

To force other things to go up.

The rise in oil price drives up other prices.

drop behind

To fall behind.

She dropped behind in her schoolwork during her illness.

drop by

To visit someone for a short time.

They dropped by their grandparents every weekend.

drop in

To stop in for a short visit.

He always drops in for a chat without prior notice.

drop off

To decrease. 

Sales usually drop off at this time of the year. 

To begin to fall asleep. 

After listening to the speech for five minutes, I was dropping off. 

To drive someone to a particular place.

He dropped us off at the post office.

drop out

To withdraw before completing something. 

He shouldn’t have dropped out of school, but he did. 

To leave before finishing something.

After three laps, he had to drop out because of injury.

dry off

To make or become dry.

We lay on the beach to dry off after a swim.

dry out

To make or become dry.

Our washing dried out very quickly in this hot weather

dry up

To have no more water.

The prolonged drought had caused some of the rivers to dry up.

 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Phrasal Verb

Meaning

Example Sentence

eat away

To gradually reduce or damage something.

Termites have eaten away much of the woodwork on the outside of a disused warehouse.

eat in

To have a meal at home.

Mum is cooking tonight so we are eating in.

eat into

To decrease the amount of something.

The high bills are eating into my savings.

eat out

To not eat at home but somewhere else such as a restaurant.

It’s your birthday; let’s eat out and celebrate tonight.

eat up

To eat all of something.

Who ate up all my potato chips?

egg on

To encourage or to incite to action.

The boys didn’t want to fight but their friends kept egging them on.

end in

To finish in a particular way.

Their big argument ended in a fist fight.

end up

To land up in an unwelcome situation or place.

The driver took a wrong road and we ended up somewhere else.

endear to

To make someone beloved.

Her friendly attitude endeared her to everybody she met at the gathering.

face up to

To accept and deal with an unpleasant situation.

He has to face up to the fact that he has to study hard to pass the exam.

face with

To have to deal with something.

The scientist in his research was faced with many unknown factors.

fall about

To laugh uncontrollably.

When the plump lady started dancing, the kids fell about laughing.

fall apart

To break down into pieces. 

The wooden bridge that has fallen into disuse is falling apart. 

To suffer serious emotional problems.

His world fell apart when his wife left him.

fall away

To slope downwards. 

At the back of the castle, the land falls away to lush green pastures. 

To break off and drop to the ground.

The storm caused some of the tiles to fall away from the roof.

fall back

To move back.

The soldiers had to fall back as they came under attack.

fall back on

To rely on something when confronted with a difficult situation.

She has her big savings to fall back on if need be.

fall behind

To fail to keep up with payments.

I’d better hide the car as I have fallen behind in my payments.

fall down

To fall to the ground.

He stumbled and fell down the stairs.

fall for

To feel love for. 

He couldn’t help always falling for women in uniforms. 

To deceive into believing.

I fell for it when she told me she was unmarried.

fall in

To drop or collapse inwards. 

Poor construction caused the roof and ceiling to fall in after a year. 

To move into neat lines in military formation.

The soldiers fell in line before the commanding officer.

fall in with

To accept and not disagree. 

They appeared willing to fall in with the leader’s suggestions. 

To become friendly with someone.

While on a cruise, the couple fell in with a group of other passengers.

fall into

To start doing something without any intention. 

She fell into the habit of talking to herself. 

To get involved in something without intending to.

He fell into an argument with a stranger about queue-jumping. 

To become progressively worse in condition due to not being taken care of

Since he bought a new bike, his bicycle has fallen into a poor condition due to neglect.

fall off

To decrease. 

Business along the main road fell off after a series of public demonstrations. 

To come apart from the main part.

Specks of paint have been falling off the wall at the back of the house.

fall on

To make someone assume a responsibility or duty. 

In his new job, the responsibility for machine maintenance falls on him. 

To suspect someone of wrong doing.

Suspicion fell on the butler that he might have murdered the female servant.

fall on/upon

To launch a sudden attack.

The rebels fell on/upon a group of soldiers and held them hostage.

fall out

To have a quarrel. 

Sarah fell out with her boyfriend after knowing her for only two months. 

To come out.

His hair started falling out after he contracted an unknown illness.

fall over

To fall onto the ground. 

Bob stepped on a banana skin and fell over. 

To fall into its side.

They built a tall sandcastle and it fell over.

fall through

To fail.

The deal fell through and they agreed to renegotiate.

fall to

To give someone responsibility for something.

It fell to the eldest son to manage the family business after the death of the father.

fill in

To serve in place of another person. 

We found someone to fill in for Sarah when she was on maternity leave. 

To gather information.

The students were asked to fill in a questionnaire on the environment.

fill out

To provide information as required by completing something such as a form.

He filled out the application form with the help of his parents.

fill up

To become more and more full with people or things.

The stadium was filling up with spectators as the start of the match drew closer.

fit in

To feel accepted or belonged to a group.

The new member has learned quickly to fit in with the others.

fit out

To provide with things that are needed such as equipment, etc.

The entire building was fitted out with air conditioners but they were not working.

fit up

To equip a room or building for a particular purpose. 

We decided to work from home and had the attic fitted up as the office. 

To make an innocent person seem guilty.

His family and friends believed he had been fitted up for the crime.

fix on

To pick out as being the best place for a planned purpose.

They have finally fixed on a venue for the fund-raising event.

fix up

To renovate and redecorate. 

We have to fix the spare room up for our guests. 

To arrange a meeting, etc. 

Their friend has fixed up a time and place for them to resolve their differences. 

To provide a romantic partner. 

He was happy that his friends had fixed him up with a pretty girl. 

To provide something to someone.

They are fixing us up with a reasonably priced hotel to stay.

follow along

To do or move at the same time as something else.

Whenever I listen to that song, I couldn’t help following along with it.

follow around

To keep following someone.

Quit following me around, will you?

follow through

To continue an action or task to its conclusion.

Ensure the report is followed through so that all amendments are included.

follow up

To continue with a course of action so as to increase the chances of success.

The investigation was followed up with the arrest of the gang leader.