List 14 - Phrasal Verbs

 

 

 

Phrasal Verb

Meaning

Example Sentence

pull ahead

To move in front.

On the final lap, a fellow competitor pulled ahead of him.

pull apart

To separate.

They pulled the two fighting cocks apart to end the cockfighting contest. 

 

To criticize harshly.

His suggestion was pulled apart as impractical.

pull at

To pull quickly and sometimes repeatedly.

The little boy pulled at the puppy’s tail.

To pull quickly and repeatedly.

He pulled at her coat sleeve.

pull away

To go or leave, as used for a vehicle.

The ambulance pulled away from where it was parked and sped down the highway. 

To move ahead.

On the final lap, he pulled away from the other runners. 

To withdraw or take away.

He tried to hold her hand, but she pulled it away.

pull back

To gain a point, goal, etc. 

The visiting team pulled a goal back to end the match in a draw. 

To withdraw.

The soldiers were ordered to pull back from their positions around the city.

pull down

To demolish.

They had to pull down the old disused crumbling building.

pull in

To arrive.

The train pulled in just as we arrived at the station.

To come to a stop.

I pulled in at the side of the road to make a quick phone call.

To take someone into custody.

A few of the protesters were pulled in when they clashed with the police.

To attract.

Tennis is a popular sport that always pulls in large crowds.

To earn.

In this country, you don’t pull in much as a teacher.

pull off

To accomplish by effort, skill, or courage in spite of difficulties.

Three men pulled off the biggest bank robbery in town.

To separate and go in a different direction.

We pulled off the highway and stopped for a break.

pull out

To withdraw.

They pulled out of the business deal when they sensed something amiss.

To depart.

We waved to them as the train pulled out of the station.

To retreat.

The troops will be pulled out as soon as order is restored to the area.

pull over

To stop a vehicle at the side of a road.

The policeman waved me to pull over.

pull through

To get through an illness or difficult situation.

The doctors expected him to pull through despite the severe injuries he sustained in the accident.

pull up

To stop a vehicle.

He pulled up outside a convenience store.

put across

To come out with ideas, etc. in a way that is easily understood.

She put her opposing views across during the discussion.

To make something easily understood.

The book puts across complex ideas in a way anyone can understand.

To communicate one’s ideas to other people so as to promote oneself.

The candidate put herself across very well to the voters.

put aside

To save money for a specific purpose.

Every month she puts aside a sum of money to buy a car.

To give time to an activity.

She puts aside an hour each day to meditate.

To suddenly ignore what one is doing and turn one’s attention to something else.

Everyone put aside what they were doing and tuned in to a news flash about a major explosion at the city’s airport.

To ignore temporarily.

We are going to get the two sides to put aside their differences.

put away

To put something back in its regular place.

The boys rushed to put away the toys when they heard their mummy is home.

To confine someone to a place such as prison, hospital, etc.

He should be put away for being so violent, especially when he is drunk.

To save money.

We put away as much as we can to meet future needs.

To kill quickly in a humane way.

They put away the badly diseased stray dog.

put back

To return something to its usual place.

You must put the books back when you have finished with them.

To postpone.

The members have unanimously agreed to put back the party election.

put by

To set aside money for the future.

I’m putting by an amount of money each month for a new bike.

put down

To forcibly put an end to riot, rebellion, etc.

The public demonstration was brutally put down by troops.

To criticize.

This heartless fellow seemed to enjoy putting me down when there were people around.

To kill an animal painlessly.

He’s not put down his lame horse.

To pay a sum of money as the first instalment.

I think we have had enough to put down on a new car.

To regard something as being caused by something else.

The fans put the loss of their team down to too many inaccurate passing of the ball.

To write down something such as name, phone number, etc.

Everyone who entered the place had to put their names down in the visitors’ book.

To leave something on a surface such as the floor, etc.

You can put the box down in that corner (of the room).

To return the telephone receiver to its proper place.

She put down the telephone and cursed loudly.

To include in a list.

You haven’t put a couple of items down on the shopping list.

To drop off passengers.

He told the taxi driver to put us down at the library.

put forward

To propose for consideration.

He put forward some very convincing arguments.

To show a later time.

Some countries put their clocks forward at certain time of the year.

To start at an earlier time.

The opening time of the exhibition has been put forward owing to the large crowd waiting to go in.

put in

To use up time doing something.

For the past week, we had to put in extra time to complete it before the deadline.

To make a formal offer.

The consortium put in a multimillion pound bid for the football club.

To spend time, energy, effort, etc working on something.

All the team members have put in a great deal of effort.

To submit a claim.

The workers put in individual claims arising out of accidents at work.

To bring to the attention of someone.

If you meet the boss, put in a good word for me.

To present oneself for a short time.

I feel I must put in at least a brief appearance at the party.

put in for

To make a request.

We have put in for a room with a view of the sea.

put off

To arrange for something to take place at a later time.

Don’t put off till tomorrow what you can do today.

To distract.

She’s preparing for her exams and will not allow anything to put her off.

To cause someone to feel dislike.

Her highly critical attitude really put me off.

To cancel or postpone an appointment with someone.

He keeps asking her to go out with him, but she keeps putting him off.

put on

To pretend have a particular quality, appearance, feeling, behavior, etc.

Despite her hurt feelings she put on a smiling face.

To add to one’s weight.

She is the only one in the family who is putting on excess weight.

To wear clothes.

She put a pair of faded jeans and a sweater on before she went outside.

To cause someone to believe something that is not true.

I thought she was putting me on when she said she’s taking me out for dinner.

To risk a sum of money on an outcome of a race, game, etc.

I will not put money on that horse.

To bring something into operation or use.

He had to suddenly put on the brakes to try to avoid hitting the dog.

To add.

The airline is putting on extra flights for the sporting event.

To organize a public event.

They are putting on a firework display to celebrate the ceremonial occasion.

put out

To extinguish.

The firefighters took hours to put out the huge fire.

put through

To pay for someone’s education.

John’s parents managed to put him and his siblings through university.

To cause someone to undergo an unpleasant experience.

The group of tourists was put through a terrible two-day ordeal.

To connect someone by telephone to another person.

She put me through to a wrong person.

To transfer a telephone call from one person to another person.

Ask the receptionist to put your call through to my room.

put to

To present something for consideration or discussion.

After the speeches were delivered, we were allowed to put questions to the speakers.

To challenge someone to deny the truth of an allegation or statement.

I put it to you that you have been lying about how you spend the company’s money.

put up

To display considerable skill in a contest.

Despite being an underdog, the team put up an outstanding performance.

To temporarily provide lodging for someone.

Where are we going to put up for the weekend at the resort when all the hotels are fully booked?

To build.

They are putting up a bus terminus north of the city where the wasteland is.

To make money available in advance for a particular purpose.

He managed to persuade his friend to put up the money for the venture.

To erect.

They put up a monument to the firefighters who lost their lives.

To nominate.

The party is putting up six female candidates in the general election.

To place something prominently so that it may readily be seen.

Election posters were put up all over the city.

To make payment for the release of an accused person.

A wealthy uncle has put up bail for him.

To stay somewhere.

We lost our way and had to put up at a cave for the night.

put up to

To encourage someone to act in a wrong way.

He has been playing truant from school lately, and we think someone must have put him up to it.

put up with

To be subjected to a bad or unpleasant situation that is continuing for a long time.

He is not going to put up with his nagging wife any longer.

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 

Phrasal Verb

Meaning

Example Sentence

read into

To assign a meaning to someone’s words that they just don’t have.

You are reading too much into her remarks; she probably didn’t mean it.

read out

To read aloud.

He read out a list of names of those who died in the disaster.

read through/over

To read from beginning to end.

I read through the passage for him and discovered some mistakes.

read up

To find out information by reading.

Let’s read up on the plumbing in the manual before we do anything.

reason with

To urge or persuade by giving good reasons.

I tried for days to reason with her but she wouldn’t listen.

reckon in

To include something in a calculation.

If you reckon in the prohibitive cost of repairs, it seems worthwhile to buy a new one.

reckon on

To expect.

We didn’t reckon on hiring more staff.

reckon with

To have someone powerful or something difficult to deal with.

He made a report against them, and now they have the police to reckon with.

To fail to take into account.

They reckoned without the problem of lack of funds.

relate to

To understand and share the feelings of another person.

He is unable to relate to older people.

To have a friendly relationship with someone.

He doesn’t relate well to his peers.

rely on/upon

To depend on.

This landlocked country has to rely on its eastern neighbor for its import and export.

To trust someone

You can safely rely on his judgment.

remark on

To pass comment.

Her friends at the party remarked on her outfit.

remind of

To make someone remember someone else.

The song reminds him of his mates in his prison days.

To make someone remember something.

How often do you look at your watch to remind you of the time?

report back

To bring or send back an account of something, as a journalist or reporter does.

He reported back that the violence had escalated.

report to

To be responsible to someone at the workplace.

We were told to report to the new manager tomorrow.

rest on

To depend.

The future of the company rests solely on consumers’ demand.

To look steadily and intently.

His eyes rested on the young girl sitting alone in the corner.

rest with

To have the responsibility to do something.

The final decision to or not to release the hostages rests with the leader.

result from

To be caused by something.

His death resulted from the negligence on the doctor's part.  

result in

To be caused by something.

The accident resulted in the loss of his left leg.

ring back

To return a telephone call.

She said she would ring back and that was ten hours ago.

ring in

To call one’s workplace by telephone.

The boss rang in to inform he had taken the day off.  

To mark the start of something new.

The city never fails to ring in the New Year with a brilliant firework display.

ring off

To end a telephone call.

After a long conversation, we agreed to ring off.

ring out

To be loud and clear.

A scream rang out from the house across the road in the middle of the night.

ring up

To use a cash register to record an amount.

The new cashier rang up the wrong amount.

To call someone or some place by telephone.

Someone rang up the fire station to report a fire.

run across

To find or meet by chance.

I ran across my ex and her lover this morning.

run after

To seek the attention of someone with the intention of getting romantically involved.

He is always running after girls with long hair.

To catch someone up for a purpose.

He ran after her to return a set of keys which she dropped.

run against

To compete for something, especially a position of power.

He intends to run against his father in the by-election.

To encounter something unexpectedly.

While swimming across the river, we soon found ourselves running against strong current.

run along

To tell someone, especially children to go away.

The children were told to run along so that the two adults could carry on with their conversation.

run around

To get oneself busy doing many different things.

At your age, you shouldn’t be running around like that.

run away

To leave secretly from someone or some place.

The husband ran away from his domineering wife.

run away with

To win easily.

She ran away with two gold medals in this year’s swimming competition.

To leave secretly with someone.

This is the second time he ran away with a neighbour’s wife.

run down

To hit and knock down someone or something with a vehicle.

A car ran down a pedestrian while being chased by a patrol car.

To represent someone as being of little worth; to criticize unfairly.

She often runs herself down as she feels she’s unable to deal with her life.

To trace and capture someone.

The police have finally run down the leader of the drug traffickers in his new hideout.

To reduce the size, resources, etc. of something.

They are running down their ostrich farm as the demand for ostrich meat and eggs has fallen.

To examine something in details; to go over.

We have to run down the list of names to make sure no one is excluded.

To lose power.

The clock has stopped working; it’s very probable its batteries have run down.

run into

To use a vehicle to hit someone or something by accident.

He lost control of his car and ran it into a bus.

To experience a difficulty.

We ran into financial difficulties six months after we started the business.

To meet by chance.

This morning I ran into an old colleague.

To amount to.

His wealth is likely to run into seven figures in a few years.

run off

To run away secretly to get married.

Her husband ran off with her sister.

To run away from someone.

He ran off after getting her pregnant.

To print or to duplicate.

The new machine can run off fifty copies in a minute.

To shed the extra weight.

She joined a new gym to run off her excess pounds.

run off with

To secretly escape or to leave hurriedly to avoid arrest.

He ran off with a huge sum of his employer’s money.

run on

To continue longer than is expected.

The lecture became more boring when it ran on for another hour.

To be powered by something.

The professor claimed to have invented a car that ran on seawater.

run out

To be used up.

She felt like screaming at him when her patience ran out.

To come to the end of the period of validity; to expire.

Our operating licence runs out at the end of the year.

run out of

To use up.

We can’t post our letters now as we have run out of stamps.

To become used up

We are running out of funds at the moment, so we are not going on holiday.

run out on

To suddenly leave someone.

She deeply regrets running out on her parents a few months ago.

run over

To knock down and pass over someone or something by a vehicle.

His dog died shortly after it was run over by a taxi.

To review.

Let’s run over the tables and figures in the report before we leave for the meeting.

To overflow.

Someone left the tap on and the water ran over.

To exceed the expected ending time.

The meeting has run over by nearly an hour; shall we continue tomorrow?

run through

To go over something.

Let’s run through the solutions to the exercises again.

To examine something.

She ran through my essay and discovered some spelling mistakes.

run to

To reach a particular amount or level.

How could a bill for a minor repair to my car run to a hundred dollars?

run up

To increase in amount or number.

We ran up a very large hotel bill.

To make something, especially clothes, hurriedly.

With his new machine, the tailor can run up a piece of clothing within hours.

run up against

To unexpectedly meet or be faced with difficulty.

Construction of a chemical plant had run up against growing local opposition.

rush around

To act with urgent haste.

We rushed around informing all the members of the last-minute cancellation.

rush into

To get involved without prior consideration.

John begins to regret rushing into that high-risk venture without careful thought.

rush out

To quickly produce and distribute something.

The manufacturer is rushing out the novelties for the festive season.