When using conjunctions in a sentence, ensure the words, phrases or clauses have the same grammatical structure.
Conjunctions connect same parts of speech
- I have a brother and a sister. (Noun linked to noun)
- We joked and laughed. (Verb to verb)
- She is tall and beautiful. (Adjective to adjective)
- He often eats quickly and noisily. (Adverb to adverb)
Conjunctions connect words
- We bathe our dog and cat in the same tub.
- Gorillas and chimpanzees are primates.
- Gorillas and chimpanzees, but not monkeys, are primates.
- The giraffe was tall but skinny.
Conjunctions connect phrases
- The fisherman is carrying a bucket full of fish and walking cheerfully along the beach.
- They were full of smile and happiness together as they went up to receive the awards.
- I like watching TV and eating popcorn at the same time.
- He likes listening to ghost stories but not visiting haunted places.
Conjunctions connect clauses
In joining clauses we leave out some words:
- We went closer. We were able to see it better.
- We went closer and were able to see it better.
- The zoo has two hippos. It also has two giraffes.
- The zoo has two hippos and two giraffes.
- She is friendly. She is not very considerate.
- She is friendly but not very considerate.
- Will you have a coffee? Or will you have a tea?
- Will you have a coffee or tea?.