When using conjunctions in a sentence, ensure the words, phrases or clauses have the same grammatical structure.


Conjunctions connect same parts of speech


  • I have a brother and a sister. (Noun linked to noun)
  • We joked and laughed. (Verb to verb)
  • She is tall and beautiful. (Adjective to adjective)
  • He often eats quickly and noisily. (Adverb to adverb)


Conjunctions connect words


  • We bathe our dog and cat in the same tub.
  • Gorillas and chimpanzees are primates.
  • Gorillas and chimpanzees, but not monkeys, are primates.
  • The giraffe was tall but skinny.


Conjunctions connect phrases


  • The fisherman is carrying a bucket full of fish and walking cheerfully along the beach.
  • They were full of smile and happiness together as they went up to receive the awards.
  • I like watching TV and eating popcorn at the same time.
  • He likes listening to ghost stories but not visiting haunted places.


Conjunctions connect clauses

In joining clauses we leave out some words:


  • We went closer. We were able to see it better.
  • We went closer and were able to see it better.
  • The zoo has two hippos. It also has two giraffes.
  • The zoo has two hippos and two giraffes.
  • She is friendly. She is not very considerate.
  • She is friendly but not very considerate.
  • Will you have a coffee? Or will you have a tea?
  • Will you have a coffee or tea?.