Personal pronouns refer to people with one exception: it. The third person pronoun it although included in personal pronouns does not refer to a person; it usually refers to an animal or a thing. Personal pronouns are best explained by the table that follows.

 

  Singular Plural
  Subject Object Subject Object
First Person I Me We Us
Second Person You You You You
Third Person

He

She

It

Him

Her

It

They

They

They

They

Them

Them

 

What is shown in the table above is that personal pronouns have person, number, gender and case.The Personal pronoun must be of the same number, gender, person, and in the same case as the noun for which it represents

 

Number:

The pronoun must agree in number with the noun that it replaces. If the noun is in the singular number, the pronoun must also be in the singular number, or if it is of the plural number, the pronoun must be of the plural number.

 

Examples:

  • Singular: The boy is playing with his puppet. He has a glove puppet.
  • Plural: The boys are playing with their puppets. They have puppets of various colours.

 

Person:

Pronouns have three grammatical persons as shown in the table above.

 

Examples:

  • First personhate clipping my nails.
  • Second personYou should not have stepped on it.
  • Third personIt is a rare species of fish.

 

Gender:

The pronoun must agree with the noun in gender that it represents. If the noun is in the feminine gender, the pronoun too must be in the feminine gender. Likewise, if the noun is in the masculine gender, the pronoun must be in the masculine gender.

 

Examples:

  • Masculine: Jill has a boyfriend. He comes across as a bit of a bore to her.
  • Feminine: John’s sister loves to eat pizza. She eats it almost every day.
  • Neuter: We have an old kitchen tableIt has a broken leg.

 

Case:

The two cases are subjective and objective

 

Examples:

The subjects are shown in bold.

  • Tom pulled the dog's tail..
  • He pulled the dog's tail.
  • The prisoners cut the stone into blocks.
  • They cut the stone into blocks.

The objects are shown in bold.

  • My uncle likes her.
  • We hate them.
  • He scolded him and me.