The different kinds of adjectives are discussed in detail in under their respective sections:
Descriptive adjective or adjective of quality
Descriptive adjectives are the most numerous of the different types of adjectives. These adjectives describe nouns that refer to action, state, or quality (careless, dangerous, excited, sad, black, white, big, small, long, fat, English, Mediterranean, three-cornered).
Adjective of quantity
An adjective of quantity tells us the number (how many) or amount (how much) of a noun.
There are four words that are used as demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those. We use this and that with nouns to show the nouns are singular (this/that box = one box) and these and those with nouns to show they are plural (these/those apples = more than one apple).
Demonstrative adjectives coming before nouns tell us whether the position of the noun is near or far from the person who is speaking or writing. This should show clearly which thing or things the speaker refers to:
In the first example, the listeners should understand which balloon or balloons the speaker refers to in the sentence.
A possessive adjective expresses possession of a noun by someone or something. Possessive adjectives are the same as possessive pronouns. All the possessive adjectives are listed in the following table:
Examples of possessive adjectives/pronouns:
- I spent my afternoon cleaning the toilet.
- This must be your cap.
- His arms have a few tattoos.
- Its skin is dry and rough.
- Our grandmothers were classmates.