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1. Kinds of Adjectives

Descriptive adjective or adjective of quality

Descriptive adjectives are the most numerous of the different types of adjectives. These adjectives describe nouns that refer to action, state, or quality (careless, dangerous, excited, sad, black, white, big, small, long, fat, English, Mediterranean, three-cornered)

  • Example: dangerous chemicals, green vegetables, a square box, a big house, a tall tree, a cold morning, a true story, English language, Mediterranean country.

 

 Adjective of quantity

An adjective of quantity tells us the number (how many) or amount (how much) of a noun.

  • He has eaten three apples.
  • I don’t have much money.
  • There is so much wine for the guests.
  • This long, thin centipede has many legs.

 

Demonstrative adjective

A demonstrative adjective (this, that, these, those) shows the noun it modifies is singular or plural and whether the position of the noun is near or far from the person who is speaking or writing. A demonstrative adjective also points out a fact about the noun.

  • This red balloon is mine and those three yellow ones are yours.
  • This cute baby is his brother. That cute baby is his sister.
  • These two fat cats have tails, but that thin cat doesn’t have a tail.

 

Possessive adjective

A possessive adjective expresses possession of a noun by someone or something. Possessive adjectives are the same as possessive pronouns. All the possessive adjectives are listed in the following table.

  

 

Possessive adjectives/pronouns
Singular Plural
my our
your your
his their
her their
its their
  • I spent my afternoon cleaning the toilet.
  • This must be your cap.
  • His arms have a few tattoos.
  • Its skin is dry and rough.
  • Our grandmothers were classmates.