A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and its object which can be a noun, noun phrase or a pronoun. It can be two or more commonly three words long. It can also be much longer.


 The prepositional phrases shown here are in bold.


  • She spent a large amount of money on clothes.
  • We could feel the spray from the waterfall.
  • Many visitors tossed coins into the wishing well.
  • We set up camp beneath an enormous gnarled old oak tree.



There may be modifiers of the object in a prepositional phrase:  


  • She rented an apartment above a pet shop.
    (Above a pet shop is a prepositional phrase, and pet is a modifier of shop, which is the object in the preposition phrase.)
  • We took shelter in a dark cave.
    (In a dark cave is a prepositional phrase, and dark is a modifier of cave, object of the preposition in.)
  • Last night, I dreamed she flew away on a broom.
    (On a broom is a prepositional phrase, and the object is broom.)



A sentence can have two prepositional phrases. They may follow each other with their own objects. The prepositional phrases shown here are individually underlined.


  • The farm lies in a valley beside a stream.
  • We stayed in a cottage near an old cemetery.
  • There are a few chicken eggs in that box of duck eggs..



Prepositional phrases (underlined) can be joined by coordinating conjunctions (in bold).


  • We quarreled in the bedroom and in the kitchen.
  • We are going to dine either on pasta or on fresh local fish.



A prepositional phrase may include another phrase. It can also be an adjective phrase or an adverbial phrase.


  • We were the only passengers in the last night train.
    (The prepositional phrase is in the last night train, and the noun phrase is the last night train.)
  • The beach is a nice place for walking on barefoot.
    (The preposition is for walking on barefoot, and the participial phrase is walking on barefoot.)
  • The manager was a woman with thick glasses.
    (The prepositional phrase with thick glasses is also an adjective phrase.) 
  • He lost his car keys at the coffee bar.
    (The preposition at the coffee bar is also an adverbial phrase.)