Subsections in this lesson are:

A verb is a word or more than one word that is used to express an action or a state of being. Every sentence must have a verb. This makes the verb the most important word as far as the construction of a sentence is concerned. In a sentence, a verb connects the subject to the object. There are two different objects: direct object and indirect object.


A verb can be just a word.

  • She sent a letter.
  • They left early.

A verb can be more than one word.

  • He is washing his car.
  • You have broken my window.

A verb connects the subject to the object.

  • Lee drives a car. (Subject: Lee / Object: car)
  • Someone has eaten my pizza. (Subject: someone / Object: pizza)

A verb may not have an object.

  • The sun shines.
  • It is raining.