A clause is a group of words that must contain a subject and a finite verb. Besides the subject and verb which can be a verb phrase, it can also have an object or a complement. The clause can be a simple sentence (independent clause or main clause) or part of a sentence (dependent clause). The dependent clause is also called a subordinate clause.
More examples of the different elements that combine to make up a clause are shown in this table. The different elements are subject, verb, indirect object, direct object, complement, and adverbial.
|Subject||Verb||Indirect object||Direct object||Complement||Adverbial|
|Some guests||have left.|
|They||are playing||outside their house.|
|Bob||gave||his dog||a biscuit.|
|Jane||met||her boyfriend||at the tennis club.|
The different clauses: