( 4) ADVERBS
An adverb adds more to the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
.I called you last night. (called=verb; last night=adverb)
Your dress is very beautiful. (beautiful=adjective; very=adverb)
The rain stopped quite suddenly. (suddenly=adverb; quite=adverb)
Types of Adverbs
Adverb of Time – This shows when an action or something is done or happens. It answers the question “When?” It is either placed at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.
Example: I phoned you yesterday. / I saw her walking along the river last week.
Adverb of Place – This shows where an action or something is done or happens. It answers the question “Where?” It is placed after the verb.
Example: I live here. / He fell down.
Adverb of Manner – This shows how an action or something is done. It answers the question “How?” It is usually placed just after the verb.
Example: She sleeps soundly. / He drives quickly.
Adverb of Degree or Quantity – This answers the questions, “To what degree?” or “How much?” It is usually placed before the adjective and the adverb.
Example: It is too dark for us to see anything. / Last night it rained very heavily..
Adverb of Frequency – This answers the question “How often?”
Example: He will never have finished in time. / We always go to school by bus.
Affirmative Adverb (yes) and Adverb of negation (No)
Example: yes, surely, certainly, indeed, by all means, no, not at all, by no means.
Interrogative Adverb (Question) For example: When? Where? How? Why? How much/often?
Relative Adverb: when, where, how, why These words are the same in form as Interrogative Adverbs; but they are not questions.
Example: The time when he arrived. / The scene where the accident occurred. / He knows how to do it. / The reason why he left.
Comparison of Adverbs
Similar to the comparison of adjectives, adverbs have three degrees of comparison – the Positive, the Comparative and the Superlative. Most adverbs which end in ‘-ly’ form the Comparative with ‘more’ and the Superlative with ‘most’.
Forming Adverbs Adverbs can be formed from nouns, adjectives and verbs. Most adverbs end in ‘-ly’.