( 15) GERUNDS and PRESENT
Gerund is a word that functions as a noun. It is
derived by adding ‘–ing’ to the end of a verb (jog), e.g. “Jogging is a good
way of exercising”.
A present participle is formed by adding ‘-ing’ to the
verb, as in ‘reading’., e.g. “He may be reading the newspaper now”.
A gerund is used:
subject of the sentence.
Example: Waiting for a bus can take a long
object of a verb.
Example: “Will you stop crying?”
verbal noun, i.e. as a verb doing the work of a noun.
Example: Her scolding frightened her
Example: The gate needs repainting.
Example: She is busy cooking for dinner.
Example: We are tired after walking for two
a phrasal verb.
Example: If we carry on working, we can
complete it today.
A present participle is used:
after a subject to which it refers.
Example: People driving in the
rain have to drive carefully.
Example: He went fishing with his friends.
a noun. It tells us what a person or thing is doing.
Example: She heard them talking about her.
Example: I saw a rock rolling down the
Example: That twinkling star is
much brighter than the rest.
show that a person is doing two things at the same time.
Example: He is sitting outside the house,
watching people pass by.
form the continuous tense.
Example: He is washing his car.
action is followed by another.
Example: Walking on the beach, he threw a
ball to his friend.